The Army Air Forces in World War II Volume Five The Pacific: Matterhorn to Nagasaki June 1944 to August 1945
THE WAR WITH JAPAN WAS UNIQUE IN American experience: the enemy was forced to surrender without an invasion of his homeland, which was still defended by a large and undefeated army. Toward the final victory, air power played a leading role by defeating the Japanese air forces, by helping advance... show more
THE WAR WITH JAPAN WAS UNIQUE IN American experience: the enemy was forced to surrender without an invasion of his homeland, which was still defended by a large and undefeated army. Toward the final victory, air power played a leading role by defeating the Japanese air forces, by helping advance U.S. bases to within striking distance of Tokyo, by aiding in the blockade, and by bombing Japan's cities and factories into impotence.
Fifth in a seven-volume series, THE PACIFIC—MATTERHORN TO NAGASAKI completes the narrative of combat operations of the AAF in World War II. The story opens with the initial attacks against the Japanese homeland by Twentieth Air Force B-29's, based in China, but controlled from Washington headquarters. The Fourteenth Air Force in China and the Tenth in Burma succeeded in the prime mission of keeping open the air route to China and afforded valuable support to ground operations in China and Burma.
More decisive were the activities of Army Air Forces in the Pacific, striking with the two allied drives toward Japan: the Seventh Air Force with Nimitz, and the Fifth and Thirteenth with MacArthur in the Philippines campaign and later at Okinawa.
From bases in the Marianas, B-29's of the XXI Bomber Command began their assault against Japan's industry in November, 1944. By the following July, they had burned out 66 cities and had destroyed many of the country's greatest factories. Facing national disaster from the aerial bombardment and the blockade, Japanese leaders, including the Emperor. began in the spring an effort to end the war.
The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki enabled the peace party to overrule the die-hard militarists, but it is the authors' feeling that the surrender would have come soon without the atomic-bomb strikes and without the invasions planned for November.
Publish date: 1953
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Pages no: 920
Edition language: English
Series: The Army Air Forces in World War II (#5)