The story of a person who wants to enter the world of work starts from afar and is often a story already written with pay someone to write my essay: family, gender and nationality are the first 3 factors that determine the success or failure of their professional history . If you are a male, come from a family of graduates and have citizenship in the country you live in, you will be more likely to continue your studies and find a suitable job.
OECD The latest report by the OECD , the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development , describes Italy as a country in sad decline : those who come from an uneducated family do not arrive at the University, young graduates are few and disadvantaged and women make less men's careers. The so-called social elevator does not work anymore because the educational and professional destiny of our children is already written according to the family of origin: today 90% of the graduates have at least one graduate parent while there are very few boys who can graduate from a less educated family. The reasons start from afar, even from the nursery school . We are a country where the lines of asylum, both municipal and private, are very high and only wealthy families can afford them. And the nest is already the first piece of the cultural baggage that a boy carries around. In general Italy is a country with a good level of education: it is expected that 53% of the population will obtain a secondary diploma higher than professional guidance in the course of their existence but the percentage of graduates is not satisfactory compared to the European average . These low levels of graduates may be partly due to insufficient job prospects and low financial returns following the attainment of the doctor's degree, although employment and retribution are always more favorable for those with a higher qualification than a lower one .
ocse2Also the skills that boys and girls choose to study are crucial for professional life . In Italy, scientific and technological studies have seen an increase in recent years and this is a good sign because the labor market requires precisely these so-called STEM disciplines. Like all OECD countries, men represent the vast majority of first and second level graduates in technology (79% first and 86% second) and in engineering, industrial production and construction (69% and 73%). Women are over-represented in education, fine arts and humanities, social sciences, journalism and information; as well as in the health and social services sector, both in the first and second degree levels, and also in the natural sciences, mathematics and statistics at the master's level, representing more than 60% of the graduates in these fields. This preponderance in girls in the humanities has led to a gap with respect to young people, both in terms of employment and retribution for the benefit of young people. The gap is not only seen at the beginning of the career but also in the long term because even the top positions of companies are mostly held by men than by women. Women are a wasted talent as women are the majority of graduates and are even better and quicker to graduate than boys. The system does not even help foreigners because they have a lower level of education and fewer expectations at work.
To start again, it is essential to review the educational system in close contact with the work but also to ensure that there is fairness for access to education and inclusion in the labor market especially for the actors who today seem more fragile: young people, women and foreigners .