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text 2017-09-13 06:30
Tips for effective layout design and typesetting

If you are planning to self-publish a book, you should craft a stunning layout to captivate the attention of the audience and this is something which you can’t escape.  A captivating cover design lures the readers into the pages deep inside. Often, a drab cover fails to draw the attention of customers. The matter inside the book often goes ignored just because the cover lacks appeal. Evidently, you should craft the cover from the marketer’s perspective, while focussing on typesetting. This strategy holds good both for traditional and eBooks.

 

While a well-judged design refines the external look of a book, you need an impeccable typesetting layout design to retain the reader’s attention when he goes through the lines inside it. The text and graphic elements should not be too crowded to cause a visual distraction for the reader. Moreover, the design should go well with the content and category of the book. In order to design a strong interior, you should focus on two areas, typesetting and layout design.

 

  • Layout: The layout refers to the entire architecture of the product, including the columns, margins, art, and illustrations. It should have a pleasing mix of various visual elements and graphics.
  • Typesetting: Typesetting refers to the internal details of a page, including the size of types, font, hyphens breaking the lines and space between two consecutive lines.

 

Here, you will come across the right strategy to design the layout and typesetting in a book to ensure its acceptance.

 

Trim size

 

While crafting a book layout, the first step involves selecting the trim size. You may opt for the standard size, like 5.5 x 8.5 inches or 6 x 9 inches. These are ideal for novels and memoirs. If you are designing an art book with large photographs in it, you can make it wider. It can have a small caption using texts on each of the pages. In case your book consists of more than 250 pages, choosing a small trim size, below 5 x 8 inches will make the book thick, which may cause inconvenience in handling it. In these cases, you should choose a wider cover to manage the width of the book. While designing the cover of the manuscript, decide whether to use a jacket, paperback or hardback cover, or a case-bound book with the art printed on the cover. Case-bound and hardback books involve higher costs for shipping and production.

 

Margins

 

Integrating the margin seamlessly in your book adds weight to the visuals. In spite of being a blank space, it is an integral element of the book layout design. In a paperback, you have three margins, one on the outside, one on the top and the other at the bottom, each entrusted with a specific role. The names of the book and author are placed in the top margin. In some books, the page number is also included in the top margin. The margins on the outside provide space for the reader to hold the book. The margin at the bottom provides space to support the block of text above.Apart from these, the gutter acts as the inside margin, holding together the sewed or glued pages. It ensures that no text moves close to the binding part of the book. It is wider than the other margins.

 

The basics of typography

 

After deciding the margin, you should concentrate on the typeface. In books, serif fonts like Caslon, Garamond, Goudy, and Baskerville are used. In art books, cookbooks, and guidebooks, you can use sans-serif fonts to infuse a modern essence in it. The readers should also find it easy to read these books and the above detailed is one the important typesetting design tips. It should be compatible with the layout. Incorporate Bold, Italics and semi-bold effects where necessary. For the font size, choose 11, which is ideal for most of the books. The white space present between the lines, known as ‘leading’, is equally important. You should maintain the spacing between the lines. Do not stuff lines to save space. It should have between 33 to 36 lines per page.

 

Running heads

 

These refer to the lines present on the page, providing information about the name of the book, author, and page number. At times, the page numbers are placed at the bottom of the page, in the form of a ‘foot’. These are usually placed in the center of the pages, although you can align them slightly to the left or the right. These heads and feet should be small so that they do not disturb the overall essence of the text. Professional typesetting outsourcing companies typically keep these in mind while working on it.

 

Using images and art

 

In case you have art, illustrations, and photographs in your manuscript, accommodate them in the layout. The genre of the book should decide the interplay of graphics and texts. For instance, children’s books should carry a limited amount of text per page, at the top of the artwork. Provide room for the photos and graphic elements to speak for themselves. They should not be too crowded. In case of novels, you can focus on an image based on the story, with a sheer mix of texts and graphic elements.

 

Signature details

 

You need to use small graphic effects inside the pages to provide the readers with a break from the continuous flow of texts. They also act as a visual cue, guiding the readers about the location of texts. These are placed at the beginning of the chapters, or at the end. The readers can refresh their mind for a while before starting the next chapter. You can either use a particular design throughout the book or use a signature to add a personality to it. Companies suffering book illustration services can, in fact, guide you in the same.

 

Common mistakes you should avoid

 

One of the most common mistakes with designing the interior of the book is the failure to leave substantial amounts of white space. You should provide ample space for the margins and lead. The text should not make the eyes uncomfortable.  Hyphenated words should be avoided at the end of sentences, as they tend to create a different word. If inevitable, use the necessary punctuation marks to make it compatible with your page. Single lines, which do not belong to any paragraph, should be avoided at the beginning and ends of the pages.

 

You will find these guidelines extremely helpful when you design the pages and set the typography of your book. Many digital prepress companies offering professional book typesetting services can be approached but finding the best one only assures you the expected results.

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review 2017-08-29 08:48
Free Stock Market Tips

Here are some useful tips of free stock markets we are providing you but before that let's know and increase our basic knowledge about the stock exchange. Trading in stocks is a risky job to do; it is riskier when you are untrained. You have to keep your eye open so that you can spot the trends in the market. You can make a list of intraday deals. Earlier the stocks were used for buying and selling purpose of inventories.

 

Let's see how it works?

 

On a two-dimensional chart technical analysis is done by historical price movement. The main reason behind this has become very popular among people so that anyone can see the map and understand how prices have moved. If we take an example, then we can know how easy is to read it and also could notice how the price varies from high to low and low to high and also the closing prices of the stock exchange.

 

Choosing Stock

 

The volume of the stock should be at least 500,000 shares; the stock must be high on bidding. If the index rises by 1% then it is said the stock must be raised more than 1%. People those who don't know much about stock exchange or don't have much knowledge of trade then they should understand the concept of the difference between intraday high and intraday low price it means the stock value should be at least rupees 10.

 

It is very much necessary to have the knowledge of right stock and fix it with no loss. One must stand by the term stop-loss, 1.5-2% sets it means the stock will be sold if the price falls below the mentioned purchase price. Those who are big traders they most of the time fix stop-loss at about one-third of the expected profit. If the traders are expecting that the stock would rise more than 10% just in three days, then the price will fall at fix stop-loss to the 3%. You have to look for the price trends once you are zero in the stock, and higher volumes with a higher rate because it shows an uptrend in the stock exchange.

 

What is stock trends?

 

One must know the direction but how to spot a trend that matters more. It is very much difficult because the market is not the same or its still it never moved in a straight-line. The stock is mainly known for its volume, and its higher ups and higher down it never rises suddenly or on the same day of investing or exactly the next day. To know every detail about the stock exchange one should look news related to the transaction.

 

Those who are analyst and market experts they take help from various parameters, and then they confirm if the stock is a trading pick or not. Nowadays technical analysis of stock exchange is not much difficult because it is done with the help of software.

 

Support and Resistance

 

Technical experts recommend support and resistance levels. By making use of support and resistance is not just a simple job. Above mentioned points are must be remembered if anyone is interested in learning what a technical stock exchange means and its essential points or tips about stock exchange analysis.

 

Neocents offers Technical Analysis Training, free Stock Market Advice, Intraday Stock Tips. Learn Fundamental Analysis, Stock Market courses, Nifty, BSE, NSE, Sensex.

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text 2017-08-10 11:47
BookLikes How-to: Housekeeping! or, Using the Mass Post Editor

 

-- A guest post by Jenn from Murder by Death

 

If you’re a BookLikes veteran or new to BookLikes but with a huge import of data, you might, like me, look back at all of that history and think “I really need to clean some of those posts up” or “shoot, I wish I’d been using ‘x’ tag on all of those posts”, but then you imagine actually doing it, shudder to yourself, and find that sorting out your sock drawer suddenly sounds exciting.

 

OR, like I’ve been doing lately, you’ve gone to tag a post, see the mile long list of previously used tags and think to yourself “WHY do I have all those tags?  Was I drunk when I thought ‘tthhpphhhttt’ would make a good tag?” or you notice that you’ve collected multiple versions of the same tag and wish you could just clean that mess up.

 

Well, you can. Only tags that are actively used show up in that previously used menu - deleting those unwanted tags from all your posts makes them disappear from the list too.  And you can do that easily using the Mass Post Editor - it takes the ‘tedious’ out of blog housekeeping and puts it back in the sock drawer where it belongs.

 

To get to the Mass Post Editor, use your Dashboard pull down menu to get to your dashboard blog page (not your fancy public blog) - (http://booklikes.com/blog).  You can also go direct by using the following address (assuming you’re currently logged into BookLikes): http://booklikes.com/post/mass-editor/

 

 

 

On your blog page, look for the Mass edit posts and tags link on the right side of your page:

 

 

The Post Mass Editor page is pretty easy to use, but here's an overview of what you’ll see (if this is old news for you, scroll down for more information on cleaning up your tag list):

 

A: sort by: allows you to specify whether you want to sort your results by Publish Date or by Rating, ascending or descending.

 

B: The number of results you’d like to appear on a single page (max is 100).

 

C: status: allows you to narrow down your results to show only posts that are scheduled to be published in the future, currently published posts, or draft posts.  Leave this menu at —select— to show all three.

 

D: type:  allows you to narrow down which type of posts you want to display: Text, Photo, URL, Video, Quote, and Review.  Leaving this at —select— will return all types.

 

Please note that the fields A-D are live update options. Your search results will update instantly after you make a selection from any of these four fields. Selections made using date from (E) and with tags (F) will require you to click Show (K).

 

E: If you know that the posts you want to work with were done within a certain time frame, you can use the date from and date to fields.

This is especially helpful if you’re trying to find posts from a specific game or challenge (and you remember the dates).

 

F: with tags: This will narrow down your post results to only the posts that currently have the tags you select here.  You can select as many as you need to further narrow down your results, or leave it at —select tag— to display all.

 

The selections above, A-F are designed not only to make it easier to find what you’re looking for, but also to minimise the load on the BookLikes servers; the more specific your criteria, the easier it is for the databases to return your results as quickly and efficiently as possible. 

 

G:  select all / unselect all:  Once you’re ready to work with your posts, you can either use the individual check-boxes on the left of each post entry to select them, or choose select all to choose all of the posts in the list.  Likewise, unselect all will clear all the checkboxes.

 

H:  x delete posts:  Maybe blogging right after the cocktail hour wasn’t such a good idea, or maybe you just have posts that have expired content and you want to get rid of them. You can select those posts here and hit delete posts. Just be careful - you can’t undo delete posts. Once they’re gone - they’re gone.

 

I:  x remove tags:  remove tags from selected posts.

 

J:  + add tags:  add tags to selected posts.

 

K:  Show:  use this button to apply specific time frames or tags to your results.

 

L:  Type and Title:  Click on either the type or title of a specific post to go to that post.

 

M:  This is a shortcut for the tag menu (F):  clicking on the tags here will put them in the with tags section - just remember to hit Show to update the results.

 

N:  Edit:  Takes you directly to the edit post page so you can edit the post.

 

 

As I said at the start, it’s pretty self-explanatory, but I want to show you how you can use the mass post editor to clean up any superfluous tags you might have acquired over the years.

 

Using myself as the guinea pig, I’ve found that I have two tags:  audiobook and audiobooks.  I don’t need to have both so I want to edit all of my posts so they only use audiobooks, thereby deleting audiobook from my tag list.

 

I’ve searched for all published posts that use audiobook (the tag I ultimately want to get rid of):

 

 

I’ve used select all to check all (three) posts currently using audiobook, and then I clicked on + add tags:

 

Note that you can use this menu to create new tags and apply them to posts too.

 

I’ve selected the audiobooks tag I want to add and clicked Add tags.

 

Next, I’ve hit select all again (the checkboxes clear each time so you don’t accidentally change posts you didn’t mean to change).

 

This time, I’ve clicked x remove tags:

 

 

 

This looks a bit different; x remove tags only shows you the tags that are currently applied to the posts you’ve selected.  So, I’ve checked audiobook and clicked Remove tags.

 

Done!

 

Now, it’s important if you’re trying to replace one tag with another that you add the new tag before you remove the old one because clicking Remove tags automatically updates your results list.  What does this mean?  Well, if I had removed the audiobook tag first, my result list after removing it would look like this:

 

 

 

As you can see - I no longer have any posts in my list to add my new tag to, because I no longer have any that are tagged with audiobook

 

So, add first, remove last.

 

Once you’ve done this, and assuming you’ve applied it to all your posts, you’ll find that old tag is history.  (To check, make a change anywhere in your search criteria - hit show if you need to - and force BL to search again.  This will refresh your tag list.)  Yay!  Only about 100 more to go!

 

 

If you’ve been thinking your blog needed a bit of housekeeping, check out the Post mass editor.  Even if you already run a tight ship, don’t forget it can be a valuable resource for finding posts that aren’t tied to books on your shelves. So if someone comes up to you someday asking you for that youtube link to that cat video… you know, that one - with the cat doing that cute thing?… you’ll have a place to start.  ;-)

 

Happy BookLiking!

 

Art by Akgulian, Nishan

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review 2017-08-04 12:22
How to Better Your Essay Writing Skills

An essay is a collection of words that is used to put a point or views in a more interesting way. A good essay should there for, comprehensive, stylistic, artistic and the same time informative. Brilliant students know how to achieve these in a single essay. For those who find it quite technical, you can always master it by improving your essay writing skills.
Below are some ways through which any average student can improve essay writing skills.

Writing Essay Written by Other People

You can start by sharing your essays with your college mate, in turn they will also share essay with you. What is even better is to form a student group. Reading essays written by other people will subconsciously help you mold your writing style. These essays should include those written by your peers as well as those written by academicians .The essay should also cover a wide range of subjects or topics. Read from different disciplines will help you to understand argument and styles.

Building and Using a Vocabulary Library
Having a good vocabulary allows you to accurately and exhaustedly and express your meaning clearly concisely and in very few words. All great essays have one common characteristic; they economize on words.
Using effective and advanced vocabulary is one of the ways on how to improve essay writing skills. A brilliant essay writer never rests on the laurel in terms of vocabulary usage. This is something you ought to work on continuously and tirelessly because there are new words to be learnt every day.
Ways of Improving your Vocabulary
-By subscribing to ‘word a day’ emails.
-By reading widely and by referring to a dictionary whenever you come across new words.
-By using thesaurus
-By learning suffixes, prefixes and roots
-Starting a vocabulary book
Using Words to Aide in developing Your Arguments
The best way to sound intelligent in your essay is to avoid repetition. When writing focus on the effective use of a language to build and develop your argument as well as to create a structural sense. You can start by avoiding or eliminating or eradicating to use the exact word many times.
College students who fail to improve their writing skills they may considerer hiring a good essay writing website. But anyone can learn how to write a good essay what you have to do is follow the tips provided above.

 

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