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text 2019-11-30 22:52
24 Festive Tasks: Door 7 - International Day for Tolerance: Task 4

I've been lucky enough to have been able to visit a fair number of World Heritage Sites already -- I don't explicitly go out to "collect" visits to them, but whenever I'm traveling and one of these sites is in the vicinity, I'll at least try to include it in my plans.


Of the places I have not visited yet, two are at the very top of my list: Lillelara's pick, Agkor (Wat), and ... Machu Picchu.  And however much I might be interested in pretty much any other place in the world, if it comes down to "one -- and one only", as you might have guessed from my post about that long-ago trip to Mexico and Guatemala, anything "Precolumbian civilizations" will virtually always win the day.  Especially if it's the capital of one of the most legendary and powerful Precolumbian empires (that of the Incas), is acutely in danger of vanishing forever if its protection is not jacked up something sharpish, and has got this sort of breathtaking a location ... I mean, just look at it!


From the UNESCO website:

"Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting. It was probably the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments. The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin with its rich diversity of flora and fauna.


Embedded within a dramatic landscape at the meeting point between the Peruvian Andes and the Amazon Basin, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere and the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization. Recognized for outstanding cultural and natural values, the mixed World Heritage property covers 32,592 hectares of mountain slopes, peaks and valleys surrounding its heart, the spectacular archaeological monument of “La Ciudadela” (the Citadel) at more than 2,400 meters above sea level. Built in the fifteenth century Machu Picchu was abandoned when the Inca Empire was conquered by the Spaniards in the sixteenth century. It was not until 1911 that the archaeological complex was made known to the outside world.


The approximately 200 structures making up this outstanding religious, ceremonial, astronomical and agricultural centre are set on a steep ridge, crisscrossed by stone terraces. Following a rigorous plan the city is divided into a lower and upper part, separating the farming from residential areas, with a large square between the two. To this day, many of Machu Picchu’s mysteries remain unresolved, including the exact role it may have played in the Incas’ sophisticated understanding of astronomy and domestication of wild plant species.


The massive yet refined architecture of Machu Picchu blends exceptionally well with the stunning natural environment, with which it is intricately linked. Numerous subsidiary centres, an extensive road and trail system, irrigation canals and agricultural terraces bear witness to longstanding, often on-going human use. The rugged topography making some areas difficult to access has resulted in a mosaic of used areas and diverse natural habitats. The Eastern slopes of the tropical Andes with its enormous gradient from high altitude “Puna” grasslands and Polylepis thickets to montane cloud forests all the way down towards the tropical lowland forests are known to harbour a rich biodiversity and high endemism of global significance. Despite its small size the property contributes to conserving a very rich habitat and species diversity with remarkable endemic and relict flora and fauna.





Tourism itself represents a double-edged sword by providing economic benefits but also by resulting in major cultural and ecological impacts. The strongly increasing number of visitors to the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu must be matched by an adequate management regulating access, diversifying the offer and efforts to fully understand and minimize impacts. A larger appropriate and increasing share of the significant tourism revenues could be re-invested in planning and management. The planning and organization of transportation and infrastructure construction, as well as the sanitary and safety conditions for both tourists and new residents attracted by tourism requires the creation of high quality and new long-term solutions, and is a significant ongoing concern.


Since the time of inscription consistent concerns have been expressed about ecosystem degradation through logging, firewood and commercial plant collection, poor waste management, poaching, agricultural encroachment in the absence of clear land tenure arrangements, introduced species and water pollution from both urban waste and agro-chemicals in the Urubamba River, in addition from pressures derived from broader development in the region. It is important to remember that the overall risks are aggravated by the location in a high altitude with extreme topography and weather conditions and thus susceptibility to natural disasters. Continuous efforts are needed to comply with protected areas and other legislation and plans and prevent further degradation. There is also great potential for restoring degraded areas."


All images in this post from the UNESCO website:
(c) Silvan Rehfeld, Geoff Steven, and Ko Hon Chiu Vincent


(Task: If you were offered an all-expenses-paid trip to one (one only!) of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, which one would you pick (and why)?)



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url 2019-11-21 12:13
Latin America Palm Oil Market Report

Market Outlook


The LATAM palm oil market attained almost 4 million metric tons in 2018. The region accounts for 6% of the global production. Although its share is comparatively smaller than the 85% to 90% share of Indonesia and Malaysia, LATAM’s projected robust growth of its palm oil production will contribute to the growth of the global market in the forecast period. The global market is expected to grow at a CAGR of almost 1.9% in the forecast period of 2019-2024.


Read full report with toc - https://www.expertmarketresearch.com/reports/latam-palm-oil-market

Source: www.expertmarketresearch.com/reports/latam-palm-oil-market
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url 2019-11-14 13:41
Latin America Carbon Black Market Share

The Latin America carbon black market attained a production volume of almost 0.6 million metric tons in 2018. It is expected to grow further in the forecast period of 2019-2024 and will aid the growth of the global industry. The global market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 4.3% between 2019 and 2024.


Although the share of Latin America in the industry is comparatively smaller as compared to Asia Pacific, Europe, and North America, the industry is expected to grow at a steady pace in the coming years driven by the region’s recovering automobiles industry. The region also exports significant quantities of low-cost carbon black from China to meet the rising local demand. Brazil, especially, is a growing market for the substance due to its thriving automobiles industry. The expanding plastic and rubber industries in the industry is also propelling the market forward. Mexico is another significant market in the Latin American region.


Read full report with TOC - https://www.expertmarketresearch.com/reports/latam-carbon-black-market

Source: www.expertmarketresearch.com/reports/latam-carbon-black-market
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review 2019-08-18 20:12
Después de las Bombas by Arturo Arias
Después De Las Bombas - Arturo Arias

I can’t say this is an objectively bad book, but I can say I really disliked reading it. It’s an absurdist version of Guatemalan history from the 1950s through 1970s, told through the eyes of a boy named Maximo as he grows toward adulthood. This passage toward the end, as Maximo begins to explore his own writing, seems to encapsulate its philosophy (translation is mine):

“I’ll exaggerate. I’ll lie. Chingolo says that to be understood one must lie. It’s another way of getting inside someone. Begin lying fast and furiously and they’ll start to hear me. Lies are sacred, Amarena.”

The mid-19th century was a turbulent, bloody time in Guatemala, and this book is full of brutal, gruesome scenes and imagery, but in a way that seems over-the-top, disconnected from real historical events: there’s a guillotine set up in the capital’s hippodrome to execute losing jockeys; a wealthy couple kills two servants for their attraction to one another and displays their body parts; leaders of a prostitutes’ strike are executed in the manner of Aztec sacrifices, their hearts cut out with obsidian knives before throngs of people in a stadium while the American ambassador, who demanded vengeance for the death of some official, looks on approvingly. Knowing little about Guatemalan history, some of these incidents were easier for me to understand in terms of the author’s message than others. Overall though, it shouldn’t be taken literally, which for those of us unfamiliar with the place and time covered, is disorienting.

Curiously, I did a bit of online research to try to map some of these fictional events onto actual ones, and my key takeaway was that English-language sources tend to portray this period of Guatemala’s history as one of racial terror, i.e., massacres of the Mayan population. This book, on the other hand, portrays it as a period of political terror: a succession of dictatorships masquerading as democracies, the streets ruled by thuggish forces who rape and murder at will, school forever cancelled due to one political disruption or another (in what I assume is another exaggeration, Maximo “graduates” high school without ever attending a day of class; each year, school is cancelled and the students promoted anyway). I am not quite sure how to view the discrepancies between these two versions: Americans glossing over their own country’s role in overturning democratic governments unfriendly to American interests? The author glossing over genocide carried out by, I think, his own racial group? Or perhaps it’s just that this book is mostly set before the genocide really picked up, in 70s and 80s, but that ethnic cleansing naturally tends to overshadow what came before it? As with much of this book, I was left with more questions than answers.

But overall, it’s a difficult book to read, both in the way it’s put together – lack of quotation marks and speaker attributions, sudden jumps in time between paragraphs with no section breaks, etc. – and in its horrific subject matter: not a chapter passes without something gruesome and terrible, whether it’s decomposing bodies littering the streets or the lengthy and graphic rape scene midway through the book that results in permanent disfigurement for one of the victims. I can’t speak to the merits of this book for those more familiar with the time period discussed, but I’m really just glad to be done with it.

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review 2019-07-22 10:50
Latin America Corn Starch Market Poised to Attain $2,878 Million Revenue by 2023

The sales of soup, corn soup, and sauces have observed an upsurge in Latin America which is significantly flourishing the Latin America corn starch market. According to a business intelligence report by IndustryARC, the corn starch market in Latin America is poised to attain an impressive revenue of $2,878 million by the end of 2023. This is attributable to the robust profit potential due to the rising demand of corn starch in the region which is projected to observe a moderate compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.31% during the forecast period of 2018 to 2023, as per the study by the market analyst.


The market intelligence report on Latin America corn starch market is comprised of a detailed depiction of pricing environment in the region along with the hurdles faced by the vendors and growth prospects as foreseeable in the future. The report also contains a peek into the competitive landscape and insights on the revenues by the major players in the market. The report is titled, “Latin America Corn Starch Market: By Product (Modified Starch, Unmodified Starch, Hybrid Starch, Natural Starch, Pre-Gelatinized Starch); By Application (Food & Beverage, Animal Feed, Pharmaceuticals and Chemical, Textile, Paper and Corrugated, Others); & By Country – Forecast (2018-2023).”


Latin America Corn Starch Market: Leading Segments


The Latin America market research report scrutinizes growth prospects in various countries belonging to the region that includes Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Peru, Chile, and others. According to the study by the analyst, Brazil observed the maximum revenue of $702 Million in 2017. This is because Brazil is the leading exporter of beef and ranks second in the export of chicken. The feed industry is creating lucrative leads for vendors in the Brazil corn starch market.


The Latin America market is segmented on the basis of products that include modified starch, hydrolyzed starch, ether starch, unmodified starch, and others. The revenue generation in the modified corn starch is poised to garner some pace as it imparts different functions such as stabilization, emulsification, binding, and thickening. The application of modified starch is estimated to observe a CAGR of 4.24% through to 2023. On the other hand, unmodified corn starch market will observe a steady revenue generation similar to the last five years in Latin America.


Latin America Corn Starch Market: Trends and Growth Drivers


The Growing Demand for Convenience Food –

The millennial lifestyle and lack of time have collectively created a sudden surge in the demand for convenience or ready to eat food products. This is a major factor that is driving the Latin America corn starch market.


Portable and Healthy Snacks Fostering the Market –

Corn flour snacks are considered a notch healthier than other eatables that people can eat on the go. With growing awareness about health and wellness, people are opting for healthier food which propelling the sales of corn starch in Latin America.


Emerging Economies & New Production Facilities Bolstering the Market –

The emerging economies in Latin America are observing increasing incorporation of corn starch production facilities. A lot of investors are making hefty investments due to the augmented demand from the F&B industry. This has led to an increase in the Latin America corn starch market size by volume. Even though the competitive products are dwarfing the prospects, the future foresees an enhanced preference for corn starch among consumers, which will make the region a sustainable marketplace. Furthermore, there is a multitude of suppliers of corn starch in the region that adds up to the revenues.


The Rising Price of Corn Starch Products –


ven though the mounting price of corn starch products is posing as a major challenge in the Latin America corn starch market, there also a perceptible rise in disposable personal income due to industrialization in countries such as Mexico and Brazil. Moreover, the income of residents in rural areas is relatively better, which enables them to afford corn starch products. This will help the vendors sustain their positions in the market, and on top of that attain returns on investment they are making on the raw material.


Latin America Corn Starch Market: Competitive Landscape


Some of the key companies identified in the Latin America corn starch market intelligence report that are striving to capitalize on the market demand to generate more revenues are Ingredion Inc., Cargill Inc., Tate & Lyle, Roquette, Tereos, and others.


Talk to one of our sales representative about the full report by providing your details in the link below:


Related Reports:


a) Corn Starch Market


b) Latin America Starch Derivative Market


About IndustryARC:


IndustryARC is a research and consulting firm that publishes more than 500 reports annually in various industries, such as Agriculture, Automotive, Automation & Instrumentation, Chemicals and Materials, Energy and Power, Electronics, Food & Beverages, Information Technology, Life sciences & Healthcare.


IndustryARC primarily focuses on Cutting Edge Technologies and Newer Applications of the Market. Our Custom Research Services are designed to provide insights into the constant flux in the global demand-supply gap of markets. Our strong analyst team enables us to meet the client research needs at a very quick speed with a variety of options for your business.


We look forward to supporting the client to be able to better address customer needs; stay ahead in the market; become the top competitor and get real-time recommendations on business strategies and deals. Contact us to find out how we can help you today.


Contact Us:
Mr. Venkateshwar Reddy
Business Development Manager
Email: sales@industryarc.com
Contact Sales: 1-614-588-8538 (Ext-101)

Source: www.industryarc.com/PressRelease/1006/Latin-America-Corn-Starch-Market-Research.html
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